Kubernetes 下升级Prometheus2.0

Kubernetes 下升级Prometheus2.0

标签: kubernetes   prometheus   grafana  

prometheus2.0正式版已经发布了,新增了很多特性,特别是底层存储性能提升了不少:https://prometheus.io/blog/2017/11/08/announcing-prometheus-2-0/

在将之前监控平台升级到2.0 的过程中还是有一些坑的,因为有很多参数已经更改了,还不清除怎么在kubernetes上搭建prometheus监控平台的,可以查看前面的文章Kubernetes使用Prometheus搭建监控平台

本文章中涉及到的yaml文件可以在github中查看。

升级

因为现在我们的平台是1.8.2版本的,启用了RABC特性,所以首先就需要为Prometheus新增一个ServiceAccount

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: prometheus
  namespace: kube-ops
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRole
metadata:
  name: prometheus
  namespace: kube-ops
rules:
- apiGroups: [""]
  resources:
  - nodes
  - nodes/proxy
  - services
  - endpoints
  - pods
  verbs: ["get", "list", "watch"]
- nonResourceURLs: ["/metrics"]
  verbs: ["get"]
---
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: prometheus
  namespace: kube-ops
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: prometheus
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: prometheus
  namespace: kube-ops

其次是需要更改Prometheus的镜像版本为:2.0.0,最重要的是执行参数需要将之前的-更改为--,如果你要指定数据存储的路径的话,那么需要将之前的storage.local.path更为storage.tsdb.path,如下:

apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: prometheus
  name: prometheus
  namespace: kube-ops
spec:
  replicas: 1
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        k8s-app: prometheus
    spec:
      serviceAccountName: prometheus
      containers:
      - image: prom/prometheus:v2.0.0
        name: prometheus
        command:
        - "/bin/prometheus"
        args:
        - "--config.file=/etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml"
        - "--storage.tsdb.path=/prometheus"
        - "--storage.tsdb.retention=15d"
        ports:
        - containerPort: 9090
          protocol: TCP
          name: http
        volumeMounts:
        - mountPath: "/prometheus"
          name: data
          subPath: prometheus/data
        - mountPath: "/etc/prometheus"
          name: config-volume
        resources:
          requests:
            cpu: 100m
            memory: 100Mi
          limits:
            cpu: 200m
            memory: 1Gi
      volumes:
      - name: data
        persistentVolumeClaim:
          claimName: opspvc
      - configMap:
          name: prometheus-config
        name: config-volume

注意args参数的改变。

然后就是配置文件的改变了,以前kubernetes_sd_configs下面没有api_servers属性了等等,具体查看下面配置文件:

apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  name: prometheus-config
  namespace: kube-ops
data:
  prometheus.yml: |
    global:
      scrape_interval: 30s
      scrape_timeout: 30s
    scrape_configs:
    - job_name: 'prometheus'
      static_configs:
        - targets: ['localhost:9090']

    - job_name: 'kubernetes-apiservers'
      kubernetes_sd_configs:
      - role: endpoints
      scheme: https
      tls_config:
        ca_file: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/ca.crt
      bearer_token_file: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token
      relabel_configs:
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_namespace, __meta_kubernetes_service_name, __meta_kubernetes_endpoint_port_name]
        action: keep
        regex: default;kubernetes;https

    - job_name: 'kubernetes-nodes'
      scheme: https
      tls_config:
        ca_file: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/ca.crt
      bearer_token_file: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token
      kubernetes_sd_configs:
      - role: node
      relabel_configs:
      - action: labelmap
        regex: __meta_kubernetes_node_label_(.+)
      - target_label: __address__
        replacement: kubernetes.default.svc:443
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_node_name]
        regex: (.+)
        target_label: __metrics_path__
        replacement: /api/v1/nodes/${1}/proxy/metrics

    - job_name: 'kubernetes-cadvisor'
      scheme: https
      tls_config:
        ca_file: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/ca.crt
      bearer_token_file: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token
      kubernetes_sd_configs:
      - role: node
      relabel_configs:
      - action: labelmap
        regex: __meta_kubernetes_node_label_(.+)
      - target_label: __address__
        replacement: kubernetes.default.svc:443
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_node_name]
        regex: (.+)
        target_label: __metrics_path__
        replacement: /api/v1/nodes/${1}/proxy/metrics/cadvisor

    - job_name: 'kubernetes-node-exporter'
      scheme: http
      tls_config:
        ca_file: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/ca.crt
      bearer_token_file: /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token
      kubernetes_sd_configs:
      - role: node
      relabel_configs:
      - action: labelmap
        regex: __meta_kubernetes_node_label_(.+)
      - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_role]
        action: replace
        target_label: kubernetes_role
      - source_labels: [__address__]
        regex: '(.*):10250'
        replacement: '${1}:31672'
        target_label: __address__

更新完成后,可以去prometheus服务上查看targets的状态: prometheus targets

然后就可以前往grafana查看采集的信息了: kubernetes monitor

参考资料

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